Etika Profesi dan Pengembangan Diri

Tugas 8
Kelompok 8 :
Tyas Kristyana           682012063
Gishella Wahongan     682012061
Cadwell Rumagit        682012058
Vinilia Kamuh             682012049
Guido Walujan            682012042


3 (tiga) kategori cybercrisme :
1.      Cyberpiracy

Contoh kasus dari pengalaman sendiri
Karena mendownload windows 8 bajakan dari internet, setelah terinstal ternyata laptop tersebut bukannya berakhir dengan memiliki sistem operasi windows 8 tapi ternyata berakhir dengan blue screen dan harus di bawah ke tempat service untuk menerima perbaikan, atau di instal lagi sistem operasinya.


2.      Cybertrespass

Contoh Kasus Cybercrime di Indonesia
Pencurian dan penggunaan account Internet milik orang lain. Salah satu kesulitan dari sebuah ISP (Internet Service Provider) adalah adanya account pelanggan mereka yang dicuri dan digunakan secara tidak sah. Berbeda dengan pencurian yang dilakukan secara fisik, pencurian account cukup menangkap userid dan password saja. Hanya informasi yang dicuri.                                                                                  
Sementara itu orang yang kecurian tidak merasakan hilangnya benda yang dicuri. Pencurian baru terasa efeknya jika informasi ini digunakan oleh yang tidak berhak. Akibat dari pencurian ini, penggunaan dibebani biaya penggunaan acocunt tersebut. Kasus ini banyak terjadi di ISP. Namun yang pernah diangkat adalah penggunaan account curian oleh dua Warnet di Bandung. Membajak situs web. Salah satu kegiatan yang sering dilakukan oleh cracker adalah mengubah halaman web, yang dikenal dengan istilah deface. Pembajakan dapat dilakukan dengan mengeksploitasi lubang keamanan. Sekitar 4 bulan yang lalu, statistik di Indonesia menunjukkan satu (1) situs web dibajak setiap harinya. Probing dan port scanning. Salah satu langkah yang dilakukan cracker sebelum masuk ke server yang ditargetkan adalah melakukan pengintaian. Cara yang dilakukan adalah dengan melakukan port scanning atau probing untuk melihat servis-servis apa saja yang tersedia di server target. Sebagai contoh, hasil scanning dapat menunjukkan bahwa server target menjalankan program web server Apache, mail server Sendmail, dan seterusnya. Analogi hal ini dengan dunia nyata adalah dengan melihat-lihat apakah pintu rumah anda terkunci, merek kunci yang digunakan, jendela mana yang terbuka, apakah pagar terkunci (menggunakan firewall atau tidak) dan seterusnya. Yang bersangkutan memang belum melakukan kegiatan pencurian atau penyerangan, akan tetapi kegiatan yang dilakukan sudah mencurigakan. Berbagai program yang digunakan untuk melakukan probing atau port scanning ini dapat diperoleh secara gratis di Internet. Salah satu program yang paling populer adalah nmap (untuk sistem yang berbasis UNIX, Linux) dan Superscan (untuk sistem yang berbasis Microsoft Windows).                                                                                            
Selain mengidentifikasi port, nmap juga bahkan dapat mengidentifikasi jenis operating system yang digunakan. Sedemikian kompleksnya bentuk kejahatan mayantara dan permasalahnnya menunjukan perlunya seorang profesional yang secara khusus membidangi permasalahan tersebut untuk mengatasi atau setidaknya mencegah tindak kejahatan cyber dengan keahlian yang dimilikinya. Demikian pula dengan perangkat hukum atau bahkan hakimnya sekalipun perlu dibekali pengetahuan yang cukup mengenai kejahatan mayantara ini disamping tersedianya sarana yuridis (produk undang-undang) untuk menjerat sang pelaku.

DAFTAR PUSTAKA:
a.       Lestari Sri, Prasetya, “Kasus Kejahatan Komputer” Artikel
b.      Prabowo W. Onno, “Belajar Menjadi hacker” Artikel
d.      http://fauzzi23.blogspot.com/definisi_hacer di ambil pada tanggal 1 Nopember 2008


3.      Cybervandalism

KOMPAS.com — Perang cyber telah melangkah lebih jauh. Peralatan "perang" ini pun semakin beragam dan canggih. Salah satunya adalah virus atau malware. Bahkan, kini muncul virus/malwareyang sangat canggih dan kompleks dalam bentuk attack toolkit.
Virus berbahaya tersebut adalah adalah "Flame". Virus yang ditemukan oleh tim Kaspersky Lab ini dirancang khusus untuk memata-matai pengguna komputer yang terinfeksi dengan berbagai cara. Seperti malware Stuxnet dan Duqu yang sempat membuat kacau proyek reaktor nuklir milik Iran, Flame disinyalir merupakan "senjata cyber" yang sengaja diluncurkan oleh sebuah negara untuk mencapai tujuan tertentu.
"Malware Flame sepertinya adalah jenjang selanjutnya dari perang (cyber). Hal yang penting diketahui adalah bahwa senjata cyber seperti ini bisa digunakan untuk menyerang negara mana pun," ujar Eugene Kaspersky, CEO dan pendiri Kaspersky Lab, dalam sebuah pernyataan yang dikutip oleh Wired.


KasperskyArea sebaran dan jumlah kasus malware Flame
Jika Stuxnet memiliki target spesifik berupa perangkat industri, Flame secara khusus mengincar kalangan bisnis dan universitas, serta hanya menginfeksi tak lebih dari 5.000 komputer pribadi di seluruh dunia, diduga melalui jaringan atau USB Flashdisk.
Penyebaran terbatas tersebut disinyalir memiliki tujuan untuk menghindari pendeteksian selama mungkin. Flame diperkirakan telah beredar sejak 2010, berdekatan dengan waktu penemuan Stuxnet yang kepergok karena menyebar terlalu liar. Kaspersky Lab baru menemukan Flame dua minggu lalu.
"Dilihat dari kecanggihan dan area sebarannya yang melingkupi negara-negara tertentu di Timur Tengah, tak diragukan lagi, ini (Flame) disponsori oleh sebuah negara," ungkap Alexander Gostev, Kepala Riset dan Analisis Global Kaspersky dalam blognya.
Gostev mengategorikan pembuat malware dalam tiga golongan berdasarkan kompleksitas dan karakteristik serangan, yaitu hacktivist, penjahat cyber, dan negara (nation-state). Menurutnya, Flame masuk dalam kategori yang disebut terakhir. Gostev juga mengatakan bahwa Flame memberikan arah baru bagi perang dan spionase digital.
Flame menginfeksi sejumlah komputer di negara-negara tertentu di Timur Tengah, termasuk Iran, Palestina, Israel, Lebanon, dan Suriah. Pembuat malware ini belum diketahui.
Berbeda dengan Stuxnet yang juga dikategorikan sebagai "senjata cyber", Flame sepertinya didesain bukan untuk merusak sistem, melainkan untuk mengumpulkan data dengan cara memata-matai pengguna komputer yang terinfeksi.
Saat aktif di komputer, Flame mendeteksi lalu lintas jaringan dan menyadap percakapan audio, baik yang dilakukan melalui software, seperti Skype, maupun dengan cara mengaktifkan mikrofon komputer. 
Malware ini juga sanggup merekam ketikan keyboard, mengambil screenshot, mencegat e-mail, bahkan mendeteksi dan mencuri data dari perangkat bluetooth.
Data-data curian yang dikumpulkan Flame kemudian dienkripsi dan dikirimkan ke sejumlah domain "Command and Control" milik pembuatnya yang tersebar di seluruh dunia dan bisa diganti ke alamat lain kapan saja apabila domain yang bersangkutan ditutup atau ditinggalkan. Begitu canggihnya fungsi Flame, para ahli diperkirakan butuh waktu bertahun-tahun untuk mempelajari hal-hal apa yang bisa—dan akan—dilakukan malware tersebut.
Muncul rumor bahwa serangan senjata cyber yang belakangan muncul bisa jadi ditujukan untuk menekan Iran dalam negosiasi program nuklirnya. Flame pertama kali ditemukan di komputer milik Kementerian Minyak Iran.
Selain Flame, ditemukan juga malware lain bernama "Viper" yang berusaha menghapus data dari server.

PENYEBAB TERJADINYA CYBERCRIME
1.      mahalnya software yang asli.
2.      Kelalaian pengguna komputer. Hal ini merupakan salah satu penyebab utama kejahatan komputer.
3.      Mudah dilakukan dengan resiko keamanan yang kecil dan tidak diperlukan peralatan yang super modern. Walaupun kejahatan komputer mudah untuk dilakukan tetapi akan sangat sulit untuk melacaknya, sehingga ini mendorong para pelaku kejahatan untuk terus melakukan hal ini.
4.      Para pelaku merupakan orang yang pada umumnya cerdas, mempunyai rasa ingin tahu yang besar, dan fanatik akan teknologi komputer. Pengetahuan pelaku kejahatan komputer tentang cara kerja sebuah komputer jauh diatas operator komputer.
5.      Sistem keamanan jaringan yang lemah.
6.       Kurangnya perhatian masyarakat. Masyarakat dan penegak hukum saat ini masih memberi perhatian yang sangat besar terhadap kejahatan konvensional. Pada kenyataannya para pelaku kejahatan komputer masih terus melakukan aksi kejahatannya


PENANGGULANGAN CYBERCRIME

1.      Mengamankan sistem
1)      Tujuan yang nyata dari sebuah sistem keamanan adalah mencegah adanya perusakan bagian dalam sistem karena dimasuki oleh pemakai yang tidak diinginkan. Pengamanan sistem secara terintegrasi sangat diperlukan untuk meminimalisasikan kemungkinan perusakan tersebut:
2)      Membangun sebuah keamanan sistem harus merupakan langkah-langkah yang terintegrasi pada keseluruhan subsistemnya, dengan tujuan dapat mempersempit atau bahkan menutup adanya celah-celah unauthorized actions yang merugikan
3)      Pengamanan secara personal dapat dilakukan mulai dari tahap instalasi sistem sampai akhirnya menuju ke tahap pengamanan fisik dan pengamanan data.
4)      Pengaman akan adanya penyerangan sistem melaui jaringan juga dapat dilakukan dengan melakukan pengamanan FTP, SMTP, Telnet dan pengamanan Web Server.
5)      Berbagai perangkat lunak keamanan sistem meliputi :
·         Internet Firewall
·         Kriptografi
·         Secure Socket Layer (SSL)

2.      Penanggulangan Global

Beberapa langkah penting yang harus dilakukan setiap negara dalam penanggulangan cybercrime adalah:
·         melakukan modernisasi hukum pidana nasional beserta hukum acaranya
·         meningkatkan sistem pengamanan jaringan komputer nasional sesuai standar internasional
·         meningkatkan pemahaman serta keahlian aparatur penegak hukum mengenai upaya pencegahan, investigasi dan penuntutan perkara-perkara yang berhubungan dengan cybercrime
·         meningkatkan kesadaran warga negara mengenai masalah cybercrime serta pentingnya mencegah kejahatan tersebut terjadi
·         meningkatkan kerjasama antarnegara, baik bilateral, regional maupun multilateral, dalam upaya penanganan cybercrime

3.      Perlunya Dukungan Lembaga Khusus
·         Lembaga-lembaga khusus, baik milik pemerintah maupun NGO (Non Government Organization), diperlukan sebagai upaya penanggulangan kejahatan di internet
·         Amerika Serikat memiliki komputer Crime and Intellectual Property Section (CCIPS) sebagai sebuah divisi khusus dari U.S. Departement of Justice. Institusi ini memberikan informasi tentang cybercrime, melakukan sosialisasi secara intensif kepada masyarakat, serta melakukan riset-riset khusus dalam penanggulangan cybercrime
·         Indonesia sendiri sebenarnya sudah memiliki IDCERT (Indonesia Computer Emergency Rensponse Team). Unit ini merupakan point of contact bagi orang untuk melaporkan masalah-masalah keamanan computer



  • Digg
  • Del.icio.us
  • StumbleUpon
  • Reddit
  • RSS

412 comments:

«Oldest   ‹Older   1 – 200 of 412   Newer›   Newest»
Unknown said...

obat aborsi
jual obat aborsi
obat telat bulan tradisional

Unknown said...

Kumpulan Video Sepak Bola

Unknown said...

keren banget nih artikelnya salam gan konsultan pajak

Anonymous said...

terimakasih....

Unknown said...

makanatropie.blogspot.com/2014/07/foto-modifikasi-yamaha-yzf-r15.html

Anonymous said...

Excuse me, I come from Indonesia. Good article above, and add to my knowledge, once again thank you very much. Budidaya Kenari

ANTON said...


bored pile wash boring

ANTON said...

Metode bore pile untuk pembuatan pondasi

Jasa bore pile pondasi untuk pondasi bor pile

Jasa bore pile dengan mini crane

Cara menentukan pondasi rumah

Macam-macam pondasi untuk rumah

Jasa bore pile pondasi dengan mesin bor mini crane jakarta

pondasi jenis bor pile lebih efektif

Karya Pondasi

Perkasa abadi pile

Unknown said...

baru ane ngerti sekarang,.. thx mbak..

all about computer tips n trick

Cara Menghasilkan Uang Dari Blog

IDM Terbaru tanpa registrasi

Tips SEO Menigkatakan Pengunjung Blog

IDM Terbaru 2015

Webmurmer said...

Terima kasih atas informasinyaherry blogger Yogyakarta

thousand faces said...

obat kuatadalah obat penambah vitalitas bisa untuk pria dan wanita untuk berhubungan intim khusus bagi mereka yg sudah menikah.
http://obatkuatalong.com
http://worldtour.superstore.travel/en


Beauty
~ OBAT KUAT
~ obat kuat


Obat Kuat
~ obat kuat
~ obat kuat viagra
~ obat kuat
~ obat kuat viagra
~ obat kuat cialis

Pelangsing Tubuh
~ obat kuat
~ fruit plant
~ slim bio
~ pelangsing fatloss
~ acai berry


TRAVEL
~ cari hotel
~ booking hotel
~ hotel murah di indonesia

thousand faces said...

obat kuatadalah obat penambah vitalitas bisa untuk pria dan wanita untuk berhubungan intim khusus bagi mereka yg sudah menikah.
http://obatkuatalong.com
http://worldtour.superstore.travel/en


Beauty
~ OBAT KUAT
~ obat kuat


Obat Kuat
~ obat kuat
~ obat kuat viagra
~ obat kuat
~ obat kuat viagra
~ obat kuat cialis

Pelangsing Tubuh
~ obat kuat
~ fruit plant
~ slim bio
~ pelangsing fatloss
~ acai berry


TRAVEL
~ cari hotel
~ booking hotel
~ hotel murah di indonesia

thousand faces said...

obat kuatadalah obat penambah vitalitas bisa untuk pria dan wanita untuk berhubungan intim khusus bagi mereka yg sudah menikah.
http://obatkuatalong.com
http://worldtour.superstore.travel/en


Beauty
~ OBAT KUAT
~ obat kuat


Obat Kuat
~ obat kuat
~ obat kuat viagra
~ obat kuat
~ obat kuat viagra
~ obat kuat cialis

Pelangsing Tubuh
~ obat kuat
~ fruit plant
~ slim bio
~ pelangsing fatloss
~ acai berry


TRAVEL
~ cari hotel
~ booking hotel
~ hotel murah di indonesia

Unknown said...

Terima kasih telah menyediakan artikel yang informatif.
numpangpromo
iklan gratis
pasang iklan gratis

zarena kewat said...

Makasih Info bagus menarik bermanfaat, moga sukses selalu
Vimax Canada
Vimax Canada Asli

Unknown said...

Thanks for sharing nice blog and article.
Obat Pembesar Penis
Selaput Dara Buatan Japan
Obat Penumbuh Rambut
Alat Pembesar Penis
Obat Penumbuh Rambut
Vibrator Thorn Dragon
pemutih kulit
Obat Pemutih Gigi
Obat Penghilang Selulit
Obat Penyubur Seperma
Obat Pelangsing Badan
Obat Pembesar Penis U.S.A
Obat Penambah Stamina
Alat Pembesar Penis

Salamun Picassa said...

kunjungi :
Trik Android

Template Blog

Download Lagu Gratis

Download Full Games
Download Font

salesman said...

Membuat stamina pria tahan lama.
Membuat otot menjadi kuat.
Menghilangkan bad mood.
Meningkatkan tenaga dan semangat kerja.
Menyegarkan badan.
Please check out this cool video - thank you, obatkuat.

INTAN S said...

RENTAL MOBIL MALANG? DI NAHWA.CO.ID AJA
RENTAL MOBIL MALANG? DI NAHWA.CO.ID AJA
RENTAL MOBIL MALANG? DI NAHWA.CO.ID AJA
RENTAL MOBIL MALANG? DI NAHWA.CO.ID AJA
RENTAL MOBIL MALANG? DI NAHWA.CO.ID AJA
Mengapa Saya Memilih REXCO Dibandingkan Merk Lain?
Mengapa Saya Memilih REXCO Dibandingkan Merk Lain?
Mengapa Saya Memilih REXCO Dibandingkan Merk Lain?

Anonymous said...

Silahkan Yang Suka Download Film Bisa Mampir Ke Download Film Gratis Terbaru 2016 Klik Aja Link http://starluzz.us Dijamin Gratis Gan,

INTAN S said...

Jual KLG Asli
Jual KLG Asli
Jual KLG Asli
Jual KLG Asli
Jual KLG Asli
Obat Kuat Pria
Obat Kuat Pria
http://obatkuatkesehatan.com/obat-pembesar-alat-vital-klg.html
http://obatkuatkesehatan.com/obat-pembesar-alat-vital-klg.html
Jual Klg Asli
http://obatkuatkesehatan.com/obat-pembesar-alat-vital-klg.html
Jual Klg Asli
http://obatkuatkesehatan.com/obat-pembesar-alat-vital-klg.html
Jasa Pembuatan Blog Murah Terpercaya

Unknown said...

Jual klg asli obat pembesar penis herbal alami
KLG Asli
Jual KLG Asli
KLG Asli herbal

Obat Kutil Kelamin said...

obat kutil kelamin bawang putih
obat kutil kelamin buat sendiri
obat kutil kelamin di bandung
obat kutil kelamin yang bagus
obat kutil kelamin di bali

Budi Santoso said...

Banklagu Gratis download lagu

Cari lirik lagu indonesia dan kpop

Unknown said...

Jika anda memerlukan panduan tentang Dunia teknologi atau blogging yang terbaik anda bisa mencoba mempelajarinya dari website panduan Teknologi terbaik ini HUBLAAGRAM . cek tips belajar SEO dari kami mempercepat index google

Di sini anda bisa mendapatkan prediksi togel singapura yang bisa anda gunakan menjadi acuan dalam memasang taruhan prediksi togel singapura . lihat prediksi togel singapura minggu ini Angka main sgpprediksi togel singapura

Apotik Obat Pasutri said...

thanks for sharing....

obat perangsang wanita
obat perangsang wanita di apotik
jual obat perangsang wanita

Ahmad Halim Sholeh said...

indormasinya sangat bermanfaat harga herbastamin

GROSIR BAJU ANAK BRANDED said...

good article and I am very impressed with this article, allow me to recommend this website to my friends.http://grosirbajuanakbranded.co.id

GROSIR BAJU ANAK BRANDED said...

good article and I am very impressed with this article, allow me to recommend this website to my friends.BAJU ANAK BRANDED

Unknown said...

Situs judi
situs poker
poker online
judi poker
rahasia poker
domino qiu qiu
domino 99
domino qq
jawaradomino
domino qq
Poker Online
Situs Poker Online
poker online terpercaya
poker online terbaik
capsa susun online
bandar poker
poker online indonesia
poker indonesia
agen poker indonesia
situs poker online terpercaya
main domino 99
situs poker online terpopuler
bandarq
bandarq online
domino 99
kartu poker
situs poker online
domino 99 online
situs poker online resmi
bandarq terpercaya
agen bandarq
qq domino
qq online
poker terpercaya
agen poker
agen poker terpercaya
agen poker online
qq online terpercaya
bandar ceme
ceme online
bandar sakong
Presidenqq
lagikerja

Barcelo meong said...

wah informasi sangat bagus dan membantu bagi saya dan semoga yang lain, kalo Download Film Indonesia ke Indoxxi.

Naraharya said...

Ada banyak pilihan Paket City Tour di Jogja yang bisa anda pilih bersama dengan Naraharya Tour & Travel. Ada paket satu hari sampai 4 hari berbagai macam rute wisata seru spesial untuk anda.

rahmat said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
rahmat said...

adalagump3

John Oneal said...

Norton customer service
Mcafee customer service number
Malwarebytes customer service number
Bitdefender customer service number
Avast customer service number

aisyah aqila said...

virus musik ===> http://virusmusik.wapku.net

aisyah aqila said...

virus musik ===> http://virusmusik.wapku.net

berlcosmetic said...

Terimakasih kak informasinya, Semoga artikel saya juga bermanfaat https://berlcosmetic.net/

Ayu Ting Ting said...

SITUS WEB DOWNLOAD MUSIK MP3 :

=====> http://qilamp3.wapcus.com

=====> http://freshlagu.wapcus.com

=====> http://indomusik.wapcus.com

=====> http://pagakmp3.wapcus.com

Musik21 said...

indormasinya sangat bermanfaat

http://ruanglagu.wapcus.com

Musik21 said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
smokegood said...

Bandar slot terbaik yaitu osg777 memiliki game paling lengkap mulai dari tembak ikan, slot uang asli lebih dari 200 judul game dan juga tersedia permainan kasino.

lhetz said...

kpop lagu

lhetz said...

kpop mp3

qazapo01 said...

Planetlagu - Download Mp3 Free

Risal Maulana said...

belajar bisnis online dan SEO
Kucing persia

ourdiploma said...

Thanks for an interesting blog.
买文凭

KPOP FANS said...

great man
Droneviewmlbb.4webku.com
https://www.youtube.com/kaptainariev

Best SEO service in bhopal said...

Thank you for providing this useful information...

Anna Smith said...

Good article and I am very impressed with this article, allow me to recommend this website to my friends. I came across the search engine and find your website, you have great and nice blog, Thanks for sharing, God bless you. thanks for great information.
ornaments

SEO Bangladesh said...

Good news for the Bangladeshi Higher Secondary Students. The HSC Result 2021 has been Published.

Unknown said...

THANKS....Positive India

Best SEO service in bhopal said...

Thanks for sharing useful information...Raj Vedanta School

Best SEO service in bhopal said...

thanks for providing useful information....Raj Express Latest Hindi News: Check out top News, Hindi News, Hindi Samachar today from across the world exclusive news...

Best SEO service in bhopal said...

THANKS..Top M.P. Board School in Bhopal, Nursery to class 12th, Siddharth Public School

Matin said...

knowledge management institute

knowledge management certification

Matin said...

dirty power, sinetamer

Matin said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Matin said...

vuse, Menthol Pods, vuse alto

esan said...

sue johnson

janina fisher

elder little brown bear

terry real

frank anderson

Unknown said...

mmc convert provides hassle free conversion service from any accounting software to quickbooks online in no time. You can easily Convert to QBO with MMC Convert.

Unknown said...

A hassle-free conversion service to convert from any accounting software to intuit Quickbooks online with MMC Convert in no time. Keep your accounting up to date with us

Best SEO service in bhopal said...

MMC follows best bookkeeping practice principles and harness automation capabilities of Xero. Get bookkeeping, tax filing, advisory, and banking for small businesses.

WA081327434545 | Jual Alat Drumband Terbaik said...

Info bagus

Jual Drumband TK

vipin nair said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
vipin nair said...

Adarsh Greens is a residential project of Adarsh Developers in Gurgaon. Adarsh Greens offers several sustainable benefits to include zero pollution and zero congestion.It is one of the few ultra-modern projects that are adorned with all of the latest amenities and are created to make your living a pleasant one.This is one of best apartment in Kogilu Cross, Bangalore with all kinds of amenities

Anonymous said...

lemongrass house
shower gel
heart shaped soap
snow glow cream

Anonymous said...

workshop on mental health
workplace consulting services
bullying and harassment training

Statistical Aid said...

Thank you.
data analysis using R
Spss tutorials
Non parametric test
Time series analysis
Statistical inference
Experimental Design

Anna Smith said...

Thanks another good post
ornaments

Menjual Seragam Drumband said...

Berapa SKS ini ya mata kuliahnya?


Produk
Baju Drumband
Alat Drumband
Alat Marchingband
Alat Semi Marchingband
Mitra Drumband
Harga Alat Drumband SD

Jasa Pasang Baja Ringan Jogja said...

Ini di SMA ada mata pelajaranya gak ya?


Jasa Pasang Baja Ringan Jogja

WA081327434545 | Jual Alat Drumband Terbaik said...

Ijin mempelajari buat bahan refensi belajar.
Terimakasih





Titip
=======================================================
Harga Drumband SD
Harga Drumband SMP
Harga Marchingband SD
Harga Drumband SMA
Harga Marchingband SMP
Harga Semi Marching band SD
Harga Semi Marching band SMP
Harga Semi Marching band SMA

Anonymous said...

black crocodile shoes
upscale menswear
alligator shoes
crocodile shoes

W Match said...

카지노사이트 I thank you for this meditating content.Please update more.

W Match said...

바카라사이트 Great write-up, I am a big believer in commenting on blogs to inform the blog writers know that they’ve added something worthwhile to the world wide web!..

W Match said...

I havent any word to appreciate this post…..Really i am impressed from this post….the person who create this post it was a great human..thanks for shared this with us. 스포츠토토


W Match said...

I truly desired the articles it’s truly wonderful best author 토토사이트

Aman said...

Nice.
Eva Elfie
Rae lil black

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. bikin desain spanduk

Anonymous said...

black craft cult
pale lady mask
scary dolls
captain spaulding costume

Anonymous said...

Art Framing

conrad west gallery
representational arts
david soto
conrad bachmann

ourdiploma said...

Thanks you.买文凭

ourdiploma said...

Thanks you.买大学毕业证

ourdiploma said...

Thanks you. 买毕业证

ourdiploma said...

Thanks you.文凭购买

ourdiploma said...

This is really interesting and worth reading your post.
文凭购买
毕业证购买
毕业证成绩单购买
美国文凭购买

ourdiploma said...

Good news for the Bangladeshi Higher Secondary Students.
留信网认证
留信认证
留信认证办理
留信网

Masonethan said...

This is the blog I am looking for. Thank you. If you are a student studying in the USA and you are not able to complete the English assignment then you should purchase English assignment help online from our website and complete your assignment. Our assignment writing service is the best and cost effective, you can count on our assistance to submit your assignment.

Amania said...

Este destul de util Acum urmăriți și bucurați-vă în mod liber de seriale turcesti și emisiuni TV românești cliskud. Urmăriți și bucurați-vă zilnic de emisiunile clicksud pe site-ul nostru clicksud.mobi

Baduk said...

Aw, this was a very nice post. Taking a few minutes and actual effort to make
a very good article… but what can I say… I put things off a whole lot and don’t
manage to get nearly anything done. 카지노사이트

Baduk said...

I really liked your article post.Really looking forward to read more. Great. 토토사이트

Blogging 2.0 said...

I admit, I have not been on this web page in a long time... however it was another joy to see It is such an important topic and ignored by so many, even professionals. professionals. I thank you to help making people more aware of possible issues.
sexybaccarat

abdulbasit11803 said...

Love to read it,Waiting For More new Update and I Already Read your Recent Post its Great Thanks.
https://joker123aja.com/

saniyaa said...

Thankful to you for your post, I look for such article along time, today I find it finally. this post give me piles of instigate it is to a marvelous degree relentless for me. Samsung Galaxy Xcover FieldPro Price in Nepal

Madam Togel said...

Dengan hadirnya BANDAR LOTRE TOGEL untuk para pecinta toto togel.

Anonymous said...

Keep up the good work of your writing here. Nice! situs slot deposit pulsa

dr sam said...

Thank you, I really appreciate your blog, I read your article carefully and your content is very valuable to me. keep it up all the best.
drsamwomensclinic.co.za

Konain Shiza said...

I like this post,And I guess that they having fun to read this post,they shall take a good site to make a information,thanks for sharing it to me.
how much does it cost for roofing in Utah

Larry walker said...

Thanks For sharing this Superb article.I use this Article to show my assignment in college.it is useful For me Great Work.
Hemp House

Blogging 2.0 said...

I was surfing net and fortunately came across this site and found very interesting stuff here. Its really fun to read. I enjoyed a lot. Thanks for sharing this wonderful information.
tag protocol

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. tempat jual desain logo

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. tempat desain logo online

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa desain presentasi

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa pembuatan website company profile

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa desain spanduk

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. design logo olshop

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa pembuatan company profile jakarta

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. paket desain logo

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa logo online

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa pembuatan booth

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa pembuatan logo perusahaan

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa desain grafis online murah

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa pembuatan logo online

Bm Faruk Zaman said...

FreeVideosDownloader.net is distributed independently of any video streaming sites. Our responsibility isn't for the products, services websites, services or content. The use of trademarks belonging to third parties does not imply or indicate any endorsement, affiliation or sponsorship or on behalf of the trademark owners, the products and services they offer or of them by us.

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. buat design logo gratis

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. bikin desain logo

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. bikin desain logo online gratis

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa pembuatan logo murah surabaya

saniyaa said...

Thanks, that was a really cool read!  คาสิโนออนไลน์

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa design banner

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa spanduk

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa cetak banner

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa bikin spanduk

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa buat spanduk

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. bikin menu makan

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. bikin desain brosur

Anonymous said...

basement conversion
dryseal waterproofer
liquid damp proof membrane
black mould treatment

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa pembuatan logo murah

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. tempat bikin brosur di depok

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa pembuatan logo brand

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. membuat desain flyer

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa desain kaos di jakarta

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa desain company profile di jakarta

saniyaa said...

Yoga Teacher Training in India at Arogya Yoga School as confident teachers with strong and solid teaching skills, ready to start their career in yoga. They develop a unique art of teaching along with a comprehensive understanding of asana, pranayama, shatkarma, alignment, ayurveda, philosophy, anatomy, mudras, mantras and meditation. Our Yoga Alliance registered Yoga Teacher Training in India is intensive and enriching for yoga beginners to intermediates. With over 1000 graduates and a decade of teaching experience, our established Yoga Teacher Training in India Program fulfills the best and highest standards for aspiring Yoga Teachers. Yoga School in India Yoga In Rishikesh India

service said...

Thanks for providing recent updates regarding the concern, I look forward to read more. หนัง

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. buat desain stiker online

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. buat desain stiker sendiri

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. jasa pembuatan desain logo

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. bikin desain stiker online

adam said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site. bikin desain stiker sendiri

service said...

When you use a genuine service, you will be able to provide instructions, share materials and choose the formatting style. pagalworld a to z songs

service said...

Thanks for providing recent updates regarding the concern, I look forward to read more. Forklift Licence cairns

SleepInn Greensboro NC said...

SleepInn is one of the top hotels near the airport Greensboro, As this hotel is designed in such a way that it has a swimming pool, pet-friendly, free Wi-Fi, and many more amenities. https://sleepinngreensboro.com/

service said...

Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon! สล็อตเว็บใหญ่ pg

service said...

Thank you so much as you have been willing to share information with us. We will forever admire all you have done here because you have made my work as easy as ABC. joker123

service said...

Fabulous post, you have denoted out some fantastic points, I likewise think this s a very wonderful website. I will visit again for more quality contents and also, recommend this site to all. Thanks. สล็อตเว็บใหญ่

Anonymous said...

knee high white socks with stripes
black striped socks
green and red socks
package of socks

W Match said...

Wonderful beat ! I would like to apprentice at the same
time as you amend your web site, how can i subscribe for a weblog web site?
The account aided me a applicable deal. I were a
little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided vivid clear concept



카지노사이트
온라인카지노
카지노사이트추천

service said...

Fabulous post, you have denoted out some fantastic points, I likewise think this s a very wonderful website. I will visit again for more quality contents and also, recommend this site to all. Thanks. Mp3 Download

service said...

I read a article under the same title some time ago, but this articles quality is much, much better. How you do this.. visat turístic canadenc

service said...

I read a article under the same title some time ago, but this articles quality is much, much better. How you do this.. Cheap web design uk

service said...

Positive site, where did u come up with the information on this posting? I'm pleased I discovered it though, ill be checking back soon to find out what additional posts you include. 파워볼사이트

service said...

This is a great post. I like this topic.This site has lots of advantage.I found many interesting things from this site. It helps me in many ways.Thanks for posting this again. nails care and beauty

service said...

This is a great post. I like this topic.This site has lots of advantage.I found many interesting things from this site. It helps me in many ways.Thanks for posting this again. examkey

service said...

A very awesome blog post. We are really grateful for your blog post. You will find a lot of approaches after visiting your post. 꽁머니

Akshat Kr said...

Yes, with the introduction of Kotlin, writing for Android applications have become easy. Build an application with us with great interoperability, fast speed with favourite JVM frameworks and libraries. Reach out to us: Hire Kotlin App Developer.

service said...

Great content material and great layout. Your website deserves all of the positive feedback it’s been getting. 犀利士網購

service said...

Great article with excellent idea!Thank you for such a valuable article. I really appreciate for this great information.. elang game

Finnn Mccool said...

you have done a great job. I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this seo company belfast get results.

saniyaa said...

I read this article. I think You put a lot of effort to create this article. I appreciate your work หนังออนไลน์ 2022

service said...

This is my first time visit here. From the tons of comments on your articles,I guess I am not only one having all the enjoyment right here! 안전놀이터

Unknown said...

take a look at and do it! Your writing dramafans

saniyaa said...

Thanks, that was a really cool read!  ดูหนังฟรี

Permainan Judi said...

This website is very helpful and gives a lot of lessons for beginners blog like joker123, or for people who just want to learn to create a blog. Thank you because it is already share a positive thing here. keep goin!

Rakib Khan said...

WishesMsg: Wishes and Messages

service said...

This is such a great resource that you are providing and you give it away for free. I love seeing blog that understand the value of providing a quality resource for free. siam855

service said...

Great knowledge, do anyone mind merely reference back to it judi bola sbobet

dilla said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
service said...

Thank you for taking the time to publish this information very useful! 먹튀검증업체

saniyaa said...

Wow! This could be one of the most useful blogs we have ever come across on thesubject. Actually excellent info! I’m also an expert in this topic so I can understand your effort. Tutflix

service said...

Very good points you wrote here..Great stuff...I think you've made some truly interesting points.Keep up the good work. 토토커뮤니티

Sagar Tiwari said...

Want to See Eye Catching Nature DP for WhatsApp Check out now.

Unknown said...


your article was amazing good job ORM services Thanks!!

service said...

I really loved reading your blog. It was very well authored and easy to understand. Unlike other blogs I have read which are really not that good.Thanks alot! สมัครlive22

alveenaseo said...

Companies around the world concentrate on their SEO (search engine optimization) campaigns on a daily basis. They spend money developing a user friendly website, hire professionals to manage their content and blogs and are constantly checking search engines to see how their company ranks against competitors.Working and staying in indonesia for foreigners

Unknown said...


your article was amazing good job Behal network THANKS!!

service said...

This is often additionally an excellent post we truly loved taking a look at. It is never every single day we retain the likelihood to see anything. เซ็กซี่บาคาร่า

service said...

I really loved reading your blog. It was very well authored and easy to understand. Unlike other blogs I have read which are really not that good.Thanks alot! best laptops under 1200

Govind Tiwary said...

Current Affairs · GK English · GK Hindi · Movies GK. GK Quiz; Movies Reviews · Top News · Breaking News · Cricket News · Cryptocurrency · LifeStyle ...

service said...

This article gives the light in which we can observe the reality. This is very nice one and gives indepth information. Thanks for this nice article. 加拿大預計到達時間

Unknown said...


your article was amazing good job instafasto Thanks!! kudos

service said...

This blog is so nice to me. I will keep on coming here again and again. Visit my link as well.. 레플리카

service said...

Wow, this is fascinating reading. I am glad I found this and got to read it. Great job on this content. I liked it a lot. Thanks for the great and unique info. sonoline b fetal doppler

Rida Usman said...

You have described and concluded beautifully, its really worth ready i have shared it with my followers on IG. Thxn xx
AIOU
Results
JOBS

Unknown said...

Enjoy your best sleeping experience with thoughtful amenities like a free hot breakfast, premium free Wi-Fi, a smoke-free environment. ComfortInn Fortmill

Igoal said...

I have read your whole post it's very information. sexy gaming ติดต่อ

Priyanka Sharma said...

Thanks for giving important information.....Thinking about unlimited SSD web hosting for 2022? Let's try primex.host one of the best web hosting company in the USA. Buy unlimited shared hosting plans at the cheapest cost which is very impressive & affordable for all. Boost your website 3x faster through the best web hosting services that come with 100% SSD drives, cloudlinux os, Litespeed technology, let’s encrypt free! ssl certificates, popular webmail features, MySQL Databases, PHPMyAdmin, FTP, premium softaculas script (WordPress / Joomla / drupal, etc.) installer, weekly backups, latest control panel, PHP version selector, and much more. Wordpress Hosting

service said...

Thanks for providing recent updates regarding the concern, I look forward to read more. sexxy1688

123bet said...

Thanks for these information, If you want to know more information about this visit ทางเข้าเล่น 123BETTING

BlueTech Space said...

BlueTech Space has some interesting blogs on different topics around the world. To know about the snowflake test and what is bigo, you can visit the site and learn about it.

Priyanka Sharma said...

It's a Wonderful website and a Nice post. Thank you for the fantastic information. QlickBank #1 Exclusive Affiliate Marketing Network for 2022. As An Advertiser Acquire More Customers Today! Set Your Affiliate Marketing Goal with Qlick Bank - A Trade to Develop Performance Based Advertising for Advertisers / Vendors / Online Sellers. Best Affiliate Programs For Publishers.

service said...

I would like to say that this blog really convinced me to do it! Thanks, very good post. http://www.betflix249.com

abdulbasit11803 said...

I am very much pleased with the contents you have mentioned. I wanted to thank you for this great article. west marina lahore map

Helge Erik said...

thank you very much.

thejacketzone

Entin said...

Nice post! Thankyou for sharing the information, its very helpful Geotextile Woven

Do Assignment Help said...

Incredible blog you posted and gives significant information to us. Like you I likewise need to share data about Assignment Help Online (what is it and why understudies choose online assignments). So visit our website and give us your important remarks.

Unknown said...

thanks. If you are a 18+ and Fully Maturated active adult entertainer then you can join lustrous.fun which is offering LIST OF BEST ADULT ENTERTAINMENT SITE IN WORLD. This website provides a holistic approach to resolving sexual health problems with the help of some of the BEST WELLNESS PROGRAMS. Are you facing sexual problems - then you can visit lustrous.fun and find the SOLUTION FOR YOUR SEXUAL HEALTH ISSUES.

Silangit Transporter said...

The information on this blog is very helpful, im happy to stop by this blog. Rental Mobil Silangit

saniyaa said...

I read this article. I think You put a lot of effort to create this article. I appreciate your work مشاهدة مسلسلات رمضان

«Oldest ‹Older   1 – 200 of 412   Newer› Newest»

Post a Comment